COPYRIGHT MATERIAL. WORKING DOCUMENT. Intellectual Property of Clean Green New Zealand Trust, Reg Charity no: CC54185.
Collated by Dr Ursula Edgington, Michelle Terry, Clyde & Steve Graf, Kathy White and Sue Grey LLB (Hons), BSc, RSHDipPHI & other citizens as a gift to the government and people of New Zealand to help promote informed decision making and a more precautionary approach to the use of poisons – especially in aerial operations.
New Zealand Register of Unintended human, stock, wildlife, dogs, native birds & aquatic life. and other poisoning incidents and deaths from aerial Compound 1080 & brodifacoum operations between 1954 and 2018. A peer-review of the Parliamentary Commissioners âreviewâ of 1080 is available here: http://1080science.co.nz/
This document summarises significant poisoning events connected to (mainly) aerial poisoning for pest control in NZ: 116
Total numbers of deaths in farmed deer/cattle: 3,500+ estimated in 1976 to be approx. 158 per year. This would total approx. 10,000 since 1954. Actual recorded data recorded likely to be a small percentage of the whole total.
Total numbers of native bird/aquatic life: unquantifiable data
Total numbers of dogs: ???. (See event 44, this could be as high as 6816 per year which equals 429,408 over 63 years of aerial poisoning operations).
Total numbers of human poisoning incidents 23: approx. 31 individuals (more pending)
Other contamination events: 29
Rakaia River, Canterbury, NZ.
First Aerial Drop of Compound 1080 poison â described by eyewitness Bill Benfield in his book At War with Nature, Tross Publishing, 2015. Pg 6.
Chatto Creek, Central Otago, SI.
Over 20 dogs belonging to the then âRabbit Boardâ poisoned after eating a 1080-poisoned horse carcass. Sworn Affidavit completed by Brian Ellis of Dunedin. Bob Lewis worked for the Rabbit Board and lived between Alexandra and Clyde. He unwittingly delivered poisoned horse meat to rabbiterâs dogs in the area, including Dan Engltrom whom Brian Ellis knew – who worked with the Board – many dogs were witnessed to suffer an horrific death or were shot whilst in agony. Affidavit copy available (Feb 2018).
1959 & 1965
Kokatahi Valley, NZ.
Bill Johnson West Coaster has eyewitness account documented: âI first found dead Kea during a four month winter spent contract hunting deer and Chamois for the N.Z.F.S in the Kokatahi Valley in 1960. This was after a 1080 drop in the valley in Sept. 1959. I have had a hatred for the deadly stuff ever since. Also well documented death of five Kea that tested positive for 1080 in the Dobson Valley (Ohau) after a 1080 operation for the NZFS in 1965.” Affidavit to be formalized UE 22/01/18
NZ Ministry of Ag & Fish 111 page booklet called âCompound 1080â published in 1978, authors Colin G Rammell and Peter A Fleming. Page 80, Table 11 Poisonings: Summary 1960-76.
The totals are over 271 cases: 254 dogs, 2,102 sheep, 125 cattle, 9 cats, 25 fowl, 10 other, Total 2,525. Average was then estimated at 158 unintended 1080 livestock deaths per year. (total to date according to this data potentially 9954).
NB. That means that an average of 158 deaths p/y were recorded, this is likely to be conservative due to the formal requirements of recording that data, but even so, that means that approx. 10,000 deaths would have occurred over the 63 years of aerial poisoning operations. However, poisoning operations were only just beginning in those early days and in recent years have been stepped-up, in quantity, over waterways and in toxicity (Zip etc). Hence the annual total of deaths, although unrecorded, is now likely to be far higher than 158 p/y outlined in this booklet. In a later edition, it was reported from 1979 to 1992, 134 dogs poisoned by 1080 but that this would be a very conservative figure.
7th September 1966, Ian Arthur Buchanan died from central nervous system depression accompanied by respiratory and cardiac failure due to 1080 poisoning. This human death from 1080 poisoning (Professional Possum Hunter) for details see 2009 media article: http://www.stuff.co.nz/the-press/news/3097688/Hunters-family-in-1080-battle Details of Death Certificate etc available from Sue Grey. This case was controversial because of the fact the hunter used the skins of the animals and therefore would not have been using 1080 poison.
Galletly reports his father (and his two colleagues) died between the
ages of 58 and 66 all from heart-related problems. âThese three worked
with 1080 throughout the 60s and 70s on the Canterbury Rabbit Board.
They never wore protective clothing. They cut carrots which they covered
in a 1080 solution and these were bagged and stacked on a trailer.
Later they drove along a grubbed line and while standing on the trailer
trickled the carrots onto the ground breathing in the dust as they went.
The same if they used oats as bait. Hands were given a quick wash in
the nearest creek before lunch so all in all a pretty rough set up.â
Alan Galletly says âThinking back my father had a strange turn a few
years before he died. I wasn’t living close so never saw him until a
couple of days later in hospital. He was unconscious and thrashing about
so much in the ambulance they had to stop half way to CHCH and pick up
another nurse to help control him. He remembered nothing of this but I
saw the bruises on his arms from being restrained. By the time I saw him
he was nearly back to normal but pretty weak and abit sore.â No
diagnosis at hospital. He died in his sleep. Affidavit in progress.
A rabbiter who was repeatedly exposed to sodium monofluoroacetate (compound 1080) developed renal failure and evidence of other organ damage. This is believed to be the first report of chronic sodium monofluoroacetate intoxication occurring in man.Chronic sodium monofluoroacetate (Compound 1080) intoxication in a rabbiter
March 1977, The New Zealand medical journal 85(581):93-6, P J Parkin, A R McGiven, R R Bailey.
Submission (52 page report) to the Nature Conservation Council from New Zealand Deerstalkers details the suspected 1080 poisoning case of a child in Southland. (Details to follow, UE 08/03/18)
In three separate poisoning operations over 2 years, the reported deaths of 3 horses and 3 dogs on neighbouring property to the drops occupied by Nelson resident and published writer, Dorothy-Rose Pallesen, chair of Riding for the Disabled Charity, NZ. Current address Nelson. These horses were in Lee Valley North near Tawa Valley not far from Brightwater near Nelson, about half a mile from the river. These were apparently private poisoning operations. UE confirmed this with Ms Palleson via a phone conversation 05/10/2017. Affidavit in progress.
Entire Western Weka population was exterminated in a Brodifacoum poison operation on Tawhitinui Island. Source: see page 52 http://www.doc.govt.nz/Documents/science-and-technical/docts23b.pdf
Peter Jones narrates: âDuring the 1980s I was living on a ten acre block bordering native forest and lake Taupo above the cliffs adjacent to the Waihi waterfall. They put a sign up saying 1080 had been dropped but at that time there were no media explanations about how 1080 worked and they said it was for rats and possums only. I’d never really heard about 1080. Came across a deer that looked like it had just died. It was in prime condition and I was wondering if 1080 worked like cyanide in which case I was going to take some meat home for the table. While I was making up my mind my dog started running around in circles and the blood vessels in his eyes started exploding. There was a deathly silence. No birds nothing. I looked at the deer and it’s eyes were the same as my dog. My dog saved my whole family. That day is emblazoned in my mind and I will never forget it as long as I live. I thought that I had stumbled into hell. I went into the bush with three dogs that day and came out with none. I just didnât see what happened to the other two.
The emotional anguish I felt that day is right up there with the worst experiences of my unsheltered life. It was decades later that I educated myself totally about 1080 and realized how lucky I was that I never chopped some meat off that deer. We were on rainwater from our roof and our house was meters from the bush edge but they only dropped on the other side of the state highway where there were no buildings.â affidavit in progress. 23/01/2019
Auckland â Mount Wellington
At least one death and hundreds of people suffered impact of toxic fumes are a massive chemical fire at an ICI facility in Auckland. The inventory that went up in toxic smoke over residents’ houses included 5.5 tonnes of Brodifacoum, along with Diquat, Paraquat, D 245T, and lots of other toxic poisons (see page 299 of this report for the full list). The fire service were ill-prepared and untrained for the event. MoH declined to test them and the security staff for chemical poisoning within the necessary time-frame (sound familiar?); the Government tried to cover-up the media exposure and downplay the dangers. Cancers, miscarriages, birth defects….many negative health effects were suffered in the years that followed – many people left without ACC. Report by MoH available here: (long term consequences unknown) . http://www.moh.govt.nz/notebook/nbbooks.nsf/0/6783D47AF1CAD2D14C2565D7000DE2F7/$file/The+health+consequences+of+the+ICI+fire.pdf
NB The extremely contaminated soil was dumped at Greenmount Landfill, an area now under a consent application to be developed into a public recreational park.
Research in the late 1990s identified concerns about the transfer of brodifacoum residues in NZ environments, and secondary poisoning of wildlife, as the result of field applications for pest control (eg. Eason, Milne et al. 1999.) available here: http://newzealandecology.org/nzje/2078.pdf
70 deer die in an âoverflyâ 1080 poison operation. Of the remaining 48 hinds, only 2 bred the following season. (source to be conf)
Daniel Peat begins work as a young man using poisons for Epro. He and his colleagues are not given any PPE or informed about the dangers of getting 1080 poison on his hands or clothing. Later he documents the symptoms of ill-health that he connects to handling the poisons. Affidavit completed 2007. Filed in the Google folder.
Taupo, North Island.
A Taupo trucking contractor got 1080 poison (dust) on his hands during a transport operation. Could be this incident mentioned in Kate Winterâs book: âChris Carrington was transporting a truckload of 1080 poison when a bucket split, spilling poison on his hands.â
By lunchtime he had a headache, sore eyes, aching body, glazed eyes, pallor and tremors in his arms and legs. He suffered amnesia, couldn’t read, couldn’t comprehend what people were saying, didn’t know where he was. He remained very weak. His body ached, especially chest, face and throat. He was off
work for three weeks, continuously exhausted, mentally and physically, and frequently collapse into semiâconsciousness. Memory and coâordination were diminished, he couldn’t eat, and had wild mood swings, heart spasms and stabbing pain. Further records of his condition, unknown. Source: https://www.parliament.nz/resource/0000169214 (page 20)
Lloyd Hanson of Blenheim wrote “Some 15 years ago at the local Omaka airport I had a friend (Ernest Wooding) who was grazing sheep each night on the runway and overnight parking area, with the Authority’s blessing. A visiting plane had been dropping 1080 carrot bait on Molesworth (I believe) and parked overnight on the grass next to the hangar. The owner had left really early and when Ernest went to shift his sheep he found at least a dozen ewes dead around the plane’s park and several other sick sheep, all of which had a green dye in their wool. He contacted the local authorities and ascertained that the plane had not been thoroughly cleaned and that there was nothing they could do about it as it had gone!
He tried to lay charges and recover his losses (all ewes sub-lethally poisoned eventually aborted their lambs too) but was unsuccessful.
Greymouth, South Island
A highly-prized pedigree bull died after drinking from water contaminated with 1080 poison. Source to be confirmed.
24 Aug internal correspondence within MoH confirms high level concerns about clusters of miscarriages and childhood disabilities in Featherstone community. A report is commissioned for then Minister of Health, Bill English by Prof Natalia Foronda, Otago toxicologist. OIAs reveal the content of memos but no report has been made available:
Handwritten memo dated: 24 August 1995
Mrs [redacted] rang very concerned that the MoH had approved the 1080 drop. She claimed that he was taking his orders (?) from the Ministry. I advised her that MoH (?) have guidelines that MoH can consider when granting approvals. She expressed concern because of her Diabetes. Krebs cycle defects and alarmed (?) [redacted], a Professor at Auckland Medical School. [redacted] agrees -further drops are irresponsible and that the issue is looking like another D245T.
I undertook to get the conditions applied by (?) Dr [redacted] and to ring her back. Dr [redacted] advised me that approval has not been given and the conditions he is considering are 50m from the supply and 400m from the township. He has been talking to Holmes show and does not when or if it will be covered.
There are holidays now so not resting he has also been trying to get in contact with the Professor and talking to the GPs.
He is doing a report on the child and miscarriage issues for Bill English [then Minister of Health], (via Naty Foranda) [Natalia Foranda, MoH Toxicologist].
Rang Mrs [redacted] back and left a message that approval not given but that the condition Dr [redacted] is considering are more stringent than in the Ministryâs guidelines. (poisoning has continued).
Detailed of OIA documents sent to MPs by SG 13/02/2018.
UE has hard copies to scan in for Google Drive 06/09/2018
Approx 1995 (date TBC)
Awatere Valley, Marlborough, SI
Hundreds of dead trout fish were reported by land owners in the Black Birch Catchment in the Awatere Valley to the Marlborough District Council, Fish & Game and to other fishing interests. Landowners suspected the fish were poisoned by recently deposited 1080 poison baits. Despite numerous water and dead fish samples being given to the council, the cause was never formally confirmed.
Mokoia Island, Rotorua
Rats, goats and sheep had been removed seven years earlier. In 1996, there was a brodifacoum drop to control mice. Half the morepork population died, leaving only 6 pairs of morepork nesting, with 3 chicks dead before fledging. The poison drop was unsuccessful; mouse population increased after poisoning. http://newzealandecology.org/node/4739/log
(at least) Six cattle killed when they ate 1080 baits in the bush edge of a farm in 1996. Unconfirmed reports here: https://www.nzhuntingandshooting.co.nz/f12/warning-distressing-disturbing-photographs-1080-poison-2684-print/index8.html
Following a 1080 drop, 15âmonthâold Natalie Albert ate some 1080 baits at a Maori cemetery at the foot of Mt Tongariro. Her life was spared by quick acting parents who induced vomiting. They managed to keep her conscious during a 25âminute drive to Turangi Medical Centre, where further vomiting was induced. (Further records of her condition, unknown). Source: https://www.parliament.nz/resource/0000169214 NB Volunteer lives in Turangi and is investigating the current situation.
Inner Chetwode Island
90% of the Western weka population were killed. Ref: C. T. Eason & E. B. Spurr (1995) Review of the toxicity and impacts of brodifacoum on nonâtarget wildlife in New Zealand, New Zealand Journal of Zoology, 22:4, 371-379, DOI: 10.1080/03014223.1995.9518055. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/03014223.1995.9518055
Karamea, West Coast
In July 1995 1080 was dropped into the water supply of Mt & Mrs Silvermoonâs farm . The drop was scheduled the next day but they did it a day early as apparently the authorities knew there would be protests. Mrs Silvermoonâs uncle retrieved over 200 1080 poison baits out of their water supply and then stopped collecting. The people dropping the baits did not realise they were poisoning local people’s water supplies.Mrs Silvermoon went into premature labour eventually had her son at only 24 weeks gestation. A young woman was also hospitalised as she went into premature labour but managed to hold on. Another woman miscarried in the area. The public health nurse tried to get investigations into the drop causing this was blocked at every turn. Family now lives overseas but is completing an affidavit.
S Hudson reported 252 dead sheep and stillborn lambs at Ratanui in a 1080 drop that was done by Southland Regional Council. Letter received offering compensation subject to confidentiality. The authorities tried to confiscate the evidence and failing that to compensate under conditions of confidentiality.
Hudson S. Overview of “Ratanui” sheep poisoning. Source: Personal affidavit, Shirley Hudson; Southland Times 5 June (1997). Available here: http://1080science.co.nz/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/testimony.pdf
Farmers talk about 1080 cover-ups – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K7vtWj_5Utg
Kiwi Dairies was alerted to possible milk contamination after the milk from 9 dairy cows that had subsequently died from 1080 were processed into milk powder. âIn the Wairarapa nine dairy cows that had eaten hand laid 1080 baits in the owners bush had their milk sent to the local dairy factory. Later on, these cows died and âall hell broke looseâ when Kiwi Co-operative Dairies Ltd. found out that the poisoned milk entered their processing systemâ. MAF kept this event quiet for six weeks then said that the levels would’ve been âso low there was no risk.â Outcomes long-term unknown. Cited in â1080 scare for 1080 milkâ. Rural News June 22 1998. Issue 203 Page 2 Source: http://www.southlanddeerstalkers.org.nz/documents/1080-rprt.pdf
Campbell, N. Commonsense call on 1080. WairarapaTimes-Age Online 23 June (1998). <322> cited in Whiting OâKeefe testimony available: http://1080science.co.nz/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/testimony.pdf
Rick Ryder a hunter out 10 days/months for deer. He was drinking water from the streams and eating the deer including the liver, kidney and tongue from the heavily 1080 poisoned area 1998-2000 (he believed the instruction that it was safe and not bioaccumulative in sub-lethal doses). Taken to hospital as emergency case when unable to walk and red blood cell count was very low. No diagnosis. Tests taken to Australia. GP medical records available. Now suffers from Hoshimoto Disease (Thyroid). (Thyroid dysfunction is an identified symptom of Fluoroacetate poisoning: http://fluoridealert.org/wp-content/pesticides/sodium.fluoroacetate.toxnet.htm) Confirmed in phone interview with UE 19/01/18 â to be formalised in an affidavit. Medical records with Graham Sperry (2009).
Rodney Raynor a friend of Rick Ryder (above) also suffered negative health effects after eating venison from an aerially 1080 poisoned area of the forest. He suffered extreme tiredness and other symptoms connected to 1080 sub lethal dose. Affidavit in progress 12/02/2018. Contact details with UE.
Of 10 radio-tagged little spotted kiwi (Apteryx owenii), one was confirmed to have died of brodifacoum poisoning following rodent eradication on Kapiti Island, with haemorrhage found at necropsy, and with liver residues of 1.2 ppm (Robertson and Colbourne 2001). http://www.issg.org/pdf/publications/Island_Invasives/pdfHQprint/3FisherP.pdf
In 2001 a truck crashed into the sea at Kaikoura spilling 18 tonne of Pestoff 20R (20 mg/kg brodifacoum) cereal pellets into the water. Samples of marine invertebrates (mussels and paua) taken from the immediate location retained measurable residues for up to 31 months. This result was probably confounded by the animals being re- exposed to brodifacoum bait particles through wave action. Effects of the spill were only measurable within a 100m2 area surrounding the crash site (Primus et al. 2005). Long term outcomes unknown. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=192258
Marlborough area, SI
One of a couple hunting in Marlborough was bitten by her 1080âfrenzied hunting dog (it had eaten a possum carcass and presumably died), and she was exposed to 1080 that seeped into her wound via saliva and vomit. She was admitted to hospital where her heart rate increased to 190. Further records of her condition, unknown. https://www.parliament.nz/resource/0000169214
Herriot, West Otago, SI
Shannon a young girl witnesses numerous dogs poisoned after an aerial 1080 drop in the area. Affidavit in progress (22/05/2018) recorded incident here: http://tasmaniantimes.com/index.php/article/a-dogs-death-from-1080-poisoning-
West Coast South Island
Bright, healthy West Coast child, aged 7 years had an encounter with 1080 which would change his life forever. Callum Buchanan travelled several kilometres in a car alongside an open bucket of 1080 poison. It was a cold winter afternoon and the fan heater was turned up to blow warm air around the vehicle. Detailed in Kate Winters book. Affidavit?
Te Puru, Coromandel
Flooded Te Puru stream on the Coromandel Peninsula carried mud, 1080 and carcasses into peopleâs properties and onto beaches. 30-40 poisoned carcasses were discovered on the beach by Gary Masters. He also found a dog squealing and demented. It swam out to sea and was found later, dead under a tree. People bought up all the dog muzzles in Thames (and buying more from Hamilton) but it didnât prevent other dogs dying. Alan Lowdenâs dog was confirmed dead by 1080. DoC printed a warning pamphlet but it was too late. Grant Smith and Mr Johansenâs dogs died. A fox terrier in Whakatete Bay was killed. Others died too, but owner details are not known. People who drew their drinking water from the stream were not told to stop drawing water during the 1080 drop. No mention of the poison in the media. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=2048076 â but local accounts recorded here: https://www.facebook.com/carol.sawyer.3511/posts/2037785756501740
Parapara residents, including a pregnant woman affected by drop of 1080 poison which was accidentally deposited into their water supplies. Long term outcomes unknown.
40 tonnes of butter and 20 tonnes of the by-product caseine are being held in Takaka after a helicopter dumped 1080 pellets into water supplying a group of dairy farms. Cattle deaths unknown. It was the second time in a week that 1080 had been dropped in Golden Bay. Eighty thousand dollars worth of export butter had to be quarantined.
Southern Pest Management did poison drops in 2000, 2003 and 2006 – 24+ dogs reported killed in 2003. Michelle Cottage lost 3 dogs and livestock in the 2003 drop. She reported having to regularly gather and bury the corpses of dead birds, and keep dogs under control, but this wasnât adequate to prevent dog deaths over an extended period of time. Southern Pest Management had told her the dogs would be safe as long as she kept them on her own property. This wasnât the case. Further dogs were reported dead after this incident. http://www.stop1080.co.nz/dogs.html
Greymouth, South Island
Scientists employed at the time by the National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research Ltd (NIWA) and funded by the Animal Health Board, undertook an important experiment. The aim of their study was to test the resilience of some fish and eels to poison Compound 1080. The American manufacturer of Compound 1080 warns that it should never enter watercourses because of the extreme toxicity to aquatic life. Despite the well-established risks of Compound 1080 clearly stated in the international scientific literature, in this 2004 study NIWA decided that no human ethics application was necessary. No rationale has been supplied by NIWA for this decision. The placing of such high levels of a toxic substance into a watercourse that is publicly accessible, used for drinking and recreational purposes is a cause for significant concern. So too is the potential impact from returning the poisoned fish and eel to the riverâs ecology and food chain. Fish and eel endure a high sublethal dose of Compound 1080 that can be lethal to other living things, e.g. dogs. Indeed, had an individual undertaken this action they would have been held personally liable and potentially have been criminally prosecuted for their deliberate, irresponsible actions. To date, no known follow up of public health in Greymouth has been undertaken. NB UE contacted the journal editors to request the article be rescinded due not completing editorial protocol. Jan 2017
MPI notified a restricted procurement area for feral pigs in Marlborough, due to the detection of brodifacoum residues in liver samples, which applies only to pigs killed from the specified area that are sold to game processors. It is unclear whether surveillance of feral pigs for brodifacoum residues in other areas has since been carried out.
Little Barrier Island
The 27 bird carcasses found on Little Barrier were of species previously reported as non-target mortalities in other New Zealand eradications using brodifacoum (e.g., Towns and Broome 2003), and in the absence of residue testing or necropsy data, the conservative assumption is they represent non-target mortality. 14 morepork, 2 North Island Brown Kiwi, 1 Harrier and 2 Kakariki among others.
Wild kiwi have occasionally been recorded eating softened or degraded cereal bait, but their main prey are soil invertebrates such as earthworms, cicada nymphs and grass grubs (Robertson et al.1999), so primary and secondary exposure to brodifacoum was possible for the two brown kiwi found dead on Little Barrier Island. Better understanding of invertebrates as a residue vector is required to identify the most likely pathways of environmental exposure by kiwi to brodifacoum, and also to direct improved non-target risk mitigation measures for insectivores.
One kiwi carcass recovered was necropsied (IVABS, Massey University, NZ) with liver tissue analysed for residual brodifacoum (Table 1).
The 0.26 ppm liver concentration in the kiwi from Little Barrier Island was in the âoverlapâ concentration range with low certainty, but possible lethal exposure. While necropsy did not indicate haemorrhage, the recovery of the carcass in the operational area soon after bait application and previous confirmation of kiwi mortality in similar circumstances (Robertson and Colbourne 2001) support a conservative diagnosis of brodifacoum poisoning.
Tawharanui Regional Park
At least 50% of the dotterels died in the brodifacoum poison drop in Tawharanui Regional Park. A large majority (90% of the 223 birds of 20 species found dead were water fowl, pukeko or introduced passerine. Also 8 shore birds consisting of dotterels, pied stilts, spur winged plovers among others. Dotterel deaths occurred 1 month after first drop to 7 weeks after 2nd drop.
Dowding (2006). Mortality of northern New Zealand dotterels following an aerial poison operation
Spurr, Maitland et al. (2005) monitored brodifacoum residues in wildlife in and around the Rotoiti Nature Recovery Project area. The highest concentration of brodifacoum residues in mammalian livers was recorded during the period brodifacoum was used in the project area, but residues were still detected in some wildlife at least 24 months after brodifacoum use ceased.
Pre-feed (perhaps?) 1080 poison hopper mistakenly dropped into Lake Taupo. There were eyewitness accounts, which were reported in the Taupo Times. This article has since been removed online. Information provided by the Wall family and S Wilson.
Death of two North Island Brown kiwi after ingesting brodifacoum and another linked to cyanide baits (Parliamentary written question: 13989(2006))
Queenstown area, SI
Whitney Robie, An American lady aged 23 had been hiking, felt unwell, and that evening suddenly collapsed and died of – it was later ascertained.- a cardiac arrest. The area had recently been 1080âd and the doctor involved submitted her case to ERMA to be recorded as a cause for concern for 1080 poisoning. No valid tests were carried out and suspicions were heightened when inexplicably after the autopsy her heart âwent missingâ from the laboratory so that no conclusive results could be established. Recent media article here: http://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=10386592
Rotorua area, NI.
Fire at Brodifacoum storage area causes toxic fumes that contaminate waterways near Rotorua. 4 firefighters taken to hospital. Long term consequences to their health and that of the local residents, unknown. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=10405721
ERMA re-assessment of 1080 poison ignores all the gaps in the science and risks and lack of surveillance data etc â and confirms it is âsafeâ to continue its use. http://old.epa.govt.nz/Publications/ERMA-1080-Reassessment.pdf
Not Peer-reviewed at the time, however a full peer-review is available here: www.1080science.co.nz
Farmers reported another dead cow in 2008 and got diagnostic tests done. It came back positive for 1080 (dated June 2008). Previously, 6 cattle killed on the same farm when they ate 1080 baits in the bush edge in 1996. The same farmers complained that they were told to write âtrack maintenanceâ on the compensation invoice, instead of saying that it was for a poisoned animal.
Farmers talk about 1080 cover-ups – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K7vtWj_5Utg
65 cases of 1080 poisoned dogs in a one year period were reported by 17 veterinarians. Vets were randomly selected. Some vets reported as many as ten deaths in one year. Reported survival rate was very low. Conclusion: âPoisoning of dogs by 1080 is widespread.â Stated by the presenters of the research at an International Poisons Congress in 2008, that âdogs across New Zealand are at extreme risk of poisoning from 1080.â
Published Survey completed by the National Poisons Centre with the Otago University Pharmacy School. Original survey results provided by Mr Temple at the National Poisons Centre. Original not available online but can be supplied on request. Article about the research is here http://ww/w.scoop.co.nz/stories/SC1111/S00030/at-least-65-/dogs-in-a-year-poisoned-by-1080-in-new-zealand.htm
NB If these outcomes are extrapolated across all NZ and this data is typical of ALL NZ vets (n=2272) then total annual veterinary-recorded deaths of dogs from 1080 poison could be as high as 6816 p/y â 429,408 in total. Of course many dogs do not reach a vetâs before death (esp. if hunting dogs), so the actual figure is likely to be a lot higher than this. To date there have been no comprehensive studies into dog deaths from aerial poisoning operations.
Kaiata, 5km east of Greymouth, West Coast
A West Coast deer farmer has lost two thirds of his herd after deadly 1080 pellets were dropped over his property. Before the Animal Health Board drop, allegedly including a night time drop, Wayne Fairhall of Kaiata, 5km east of Greymouth, had 16 deer grazing his farm block. 10 of the animals were dead after grazing on the poisoned pellets and most of the others were holed up in a clump of bush on the farm, their fate unknown.
The Fairhalls said in a video interview that they had been told to write out an invoice for stock food, instead of for poisoned animals, and that he didnât like the lack of transparency about the animal deaths. Farmers speak out about 1080 poison cover-ups https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K7vtWj_5Utg
Karamea area, West Coast, SI,
Elizabeth Frankish – mother and community resident records the aerial drop of 1080 poison over her house and drank the water from her roof that she was assured was safe. She was a few months later to conceive a son who was later diagnosed with Cerebral Palsy. There are inconsistencies with his condition that leads to suspicions that the cause could be linked to the 1080 poison drops that happened every 3 years in that area and more frequently of late. Affidavit in progress. Recording available here:
Ron Eddy made a formal complaint to the Nelson / Marlborough DHB about the dumping of pre-feed and 1080 baits from a helicopter at the conclusion of an operation close to their property in 2008 this risked the health of residents there. Ron was able to prove the contractor and pilots gave misleading information to the Medical Officer of Health inquiry but this didn’t make any difference to their decision or later, that of the Ombudsmen. Photos available. Affidavit in progress 19/01/2018.
John Veysey records: In November 2008,Department of Conservation applied 1080 toxin in bait stations on an adjoining neighbours property resulting in the poisoning of our 2 rottweiler breeding family pet dogs,with the cruel inhumane death of one,and the contamination of our water supply which services 10 dwellings within the town boundary,this is a high risk to human health.Department of Conservation failed to communicate,notify or erect warning signs of this operation. Department of Conservation failed to follow the rules set down by the Medical Officer of Health, which were:
a) Prior to commencing the operation,the applicant shall notify persons who take drinking water downstream from the operational zone(ie water supplies with catchments
and intakes inside the operational area or adjoining properties)of the operation and its duration.
b) Residents and landowners adjacent to the operational area shall be identified by the applicant and shall be provided with information on safety and precautions with respect to the vertebrate toxic agent(s) being used.
c) All reasonable steps shall be taken to prevent contamination with the vertebrate toxic agent(s) of all areas within 150 meters(or within a distance mutually agreed in writing with occupiers)of dwellings(including human and stock water supplies)identified.
d) Neighbours need sufficient notification to make alternative arrangements for water supply and to take measures to mitigate risks to human health,stock and (family pets). (affidavit with Wendy Pond in process)
Poison drop error by Epro in Environment Waikato poison drop near Rangipo Prison. Baits dropped into paddocks outside of drop zone. Four horses died immediately, several others extremely ill. Took many days to die. Owners attempted veterinary treatment. Horse owners complained they were not adequately informed about the drop and that EW were not transparent about the incident. $9k compensation paid for some horses â see Graham Sperry Taupo.
There were also fears for the water supply at Rangipo Prison.(no long term outcomes known)
About 250 native birds killed by aerial poisoning operations contained poison residue after autopsy results were released to Clyde Graf from DoC. Kea and Kiwi included here – dated back to 1993. PDF available.( Please see attached. Please note – where liver has been tested it is brodi, not 1080, even tho the page mentions 1080 residues.)
An order of 100 tonnes per year of possum meat for petfood is cancelled after Japanese buyer sees a documentary showing 1080 poison being spread over Mount Ruapehu. (Wildenz Petfood)
Pp 907 section 1 NZ ERMA reassessment report Agency App. T: Submissions
July – Aug
Dog and marine life deaths might have been caused by aerial rat poison drops but were dismissed without tests by authorities. Instead sea slugs were blamed for deaths of five dogs and made at least ten others ill. But island residents are asking why the poison tetrodotoxin, usually only found in puffer fish and blue-ringed octopus, should suddenly appear in sea slugs. Resident Sarah Silverstar, who has studied marine science says there are no known cases of it having occurred before. Brodifacoum, used in recent aerial drops by the Department of Conservation (DOC) to kill pests on Rangitoto and Motutapu islands, may have had an effect on marine life.
Numerous pilchards, 150 penguins, and eight dolphins have been found dead so far. The department says none of the signs of rat poison have been seen in the dogs and Auckland Regional Public Health Service has confirmed tetrodotoxin from sea slugs was found in the vomit. And DOC confirmed last week it had commissioned tests on dolphin, penguin, and pilchard samples to look for the presence of brodifacoum, following public concerns.
Sea slugs have been known to store poisons to use on other species:
Video outlining the disastrous bykill and the attempts by DOC to deny it – https://youtu.be/8Skm8f2yvNg
Findings of residual brodifacoum in liver sampled from three of nine little blue penguins (Eudyptula minor) found dead on beaches following aerial application of brodifacoum bait on Rangitoto/Motutapu islands in 2009 (Fisher, Griffiths et al. 2011) prompted wider testing. It was later stated that the presence of residual brodifacoum in livers of three of nine penguins could be confirmed as sourced from the Rangitoto/Motutapu bait applications. http://www.issg.org/pdf/publications/Island_Invasives/pdfHQprint/3FisherP.pdf
North of Thames, Te Mata Bay, Coro Peninsula
Dead wildlife washing up on Coromandel beaches. More wildlife has washed up dead on beaches this time not on Aucklandâs North Shore but much further away on the Coromandel Peninsula.
north of Thames say they’ve been watching DOC clean up hundreds of dead
birds. Resident Dean Thomsen was walking his local beach when he
discovered Te Mata Bay littered with bird carcasses. âItâs quite
disturbing being a New Zealander seeing our bird life washed up on the
beach.â Thomsen photographed what he saw and like many here he blames
the deaths on 1080 bait drops.
20 August 2009: 70 endangered bats fatally poisoned during Department of Conservation pest control in Pureora Forest Park, near Benneydale. Toxicology results confirmed bats had anti-coagulant poisoning (diphacinone)..
The death of a family dog from 1080 poisoning after eating a possum carcass on the Hutt River near Totara Park has highlighted that owners need to treat the river trail – one of the city’s popular recreational spots – as a “no go area” for up to two months. The two-year-old cross-breed dog endured a painful death early last Wednesday after it partially ate a possum the previous morning. The possum would have been brought down the river after heavy rain following the recent massive 1080 poison aerial drop north of the city three weeks earlier.
The dog, which soon developed obvious neurological symptoms, was taken to an Upper Hutt veterinary clinic on Tuesday and treated before a transfer to the Wellington 24-hour vet clinic where it died the next morning.
The dog’s poisoning came the morning after the high risk of the poisoned carcasses was announced by the Wellington Regional Council and 250 warning signs at access points to the river and beaches from Te Marua to south of Eastbourne were put up. Four possum bodies were found on the beaches between Petone and Eastbourne and four on the riverbed including two in Upper Hutt near Moonshine Bridge.
Report after interview with staff from AsureQuality – who stopped honey being exported in 2009 to the USA due to possible 1080 contamination.
Not NZ but pest control operation overseen by DoC where poisoning of non-target wildlife was catastrophic.
There is growing evidence that even the more restricted uses of brodifacoum for commensal rodent control can result in secondary poisoning and residues in non-target wildlife. This suggests that large-scale, ongoing field applications of brodifacoum in bait stations in New Zealand are likely to be contaminating a range of non-target mammals, birds and invertebrates. For some species this could mean an as-yet unknown but potentially significant mortality through accumulation of liver residues.
Report to assess impact of the Hawkeâs Bay Region has a relatively large PCA coverage, and probably one of the largest bait station programmes in New Zealand where brodifacoum is applied for possum control. A current estimate of use is 12â14 tonnes of brodifacoum bait per year, deployed in around 45 000 bait stations set across 430 000 ha (Campbell Leckie, pers. comm., August 2010).
NB compare this to 26 tonnes over 700ha used by BWST in addition to other existing ongoing use in Nelson.
Macquarie Island â Sub-Antarctic Island.
431 birds have died, including kelp gulls, giant petrels and black ducks plus more possible recoveries were underway when reported, 2 mnths after a Brodifacoum drop which was overseen by NZ DoC.
Shakespears Park near Auckland.
Shakespear Regional Park. 2500 gulls dead in first week after a brodifacoum drop. 10,000 dead all up. Authorities blamed deaths on a weather system. Limited media coverage but some reports here: http://merrilynhope.com/is-brodifacoum-poison-affecting-humans-and-killing-nz-seagulls/ including human poisoning symptoms
Tongariro National Park
Aerial 1080 drops first began in the Tongariro Forest in 1976 and have been followed with subsequent drops in parts of the forest in 1988, 1989, 1991, and over much of the forest in 1995, 1996, 1997, 2001, and 2006. Another drop was carried out in 2011 covering around 15,000 hectares. DoC claims 1080 poison helps kiwi to survive, however, research obtained under the Official Information Act shows that kiwi are struggling to survive in the repeatedly aerially poisoned Tongariro forest. Most do not make it to adulthood.
In the previous 5 years, revealed through the DoC OIA request, 89 tagged kiwi, of all ages, died in the Tongariro forest. Keeping in mind that the tagged kiwi only represent a fraction of the wild population, the actual numbers, from a population perspective, may be enormous. A lot of toxin is being used in the forest but it isnât benefiting the kiwi population. Operation Nest Egg – Accelerating Kiwi Demise? – https://youtu.be/1gR674m7a00
King Country, NI.
A number of sheep (10?) were found dead and suspected of being poisoned by 1080 as they were near the boundary where 1080 had been applied. By the time MPI got involved two shipments of goat product were sitting on the wharf and had missed the net that prevented them from being sent to the processing works. These were called “runners” and were shipped to Martinique and Reunion Island. When questioned MPI whether the authorities of these two destinations had been advised of the circumstances surrounding these goats was told they had been, and this was all MPI was required to do. Both MPI (OIA) and the Ombudsmen (formal complaint) were involved in this incident and both will have documentation. Ron Eddy (Nelson) made an OIA request to MPI dated 30th May 2012. The OIA failed to reveal the true nature of the deaths which were in or around the Maniapoto area, Pureora Forest and Tirau. The original response summary MPI Investigation report date was 12 December 2011. The report was vague and details had been deleted. However it did include the following admission:
” where a number of sheep were found dead and suspected of being poisoned by 1080 as they were near the boundary where 1080 had been applied.” Source: Affidavit, (in progress 19/01/18). Ron Eddy, Nelson. 24th October 2011, in NZ Farmers Weekly NZ
Rangipo, Tongariro National Park, NI.
Rangipo Horse poisoning. Three pony club ponies were killed by 1080 poison after poisoner directed helicopter pilot to continue dropping 1080 after he reported seeing the ponies in the drop zone. Report by Hikaka for WRC. See KW
After the Ulva Island brodifacoum poison drop to eradicate rats, there were numerous problems. Protectors of the Paterson Inlet Mataitai reserve raised concerns about toxins in the water after two blue cod tested positive for brodifacoum in their livers.
Te Waka a Te Wera Mataitai committee chairman Phillip Smith said the toxin discovered in the fish was a small amount, but it was a matter of concern because they did not know if it was in other species also.
Brodifacoum residues were also found in 13 dead Stewart Island robin nestlings 3-4 months after the poison drop (study by Masuda), meaning that birds must have been feeding their young poisoned invertebrates. Journal article published in 2014. 80-90% of the Stewart Island weka population was killed in the poison drop.
Brodifacoum residues in shellfish https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25437099
Residues in blue cod, mussels and limpets https://www.researchgate.net/figure/269096441_fig1_Fig-1-Brodifacoum-concentrations-detected-in-blue-cod-liver-mussel-and-limpet-samples
Testing of liver and gut contents from two eels found dead in a Southland waterway (Tomoporakau Creek, Branxholme) in May 2012, measured 0.095 ppm brodifacoum in the gut contents of one eel (noting that other anticoagulants were not tested for). This suggests that the eel had recently ingested food containing brodifacoum, probably through scavenging the carcass of a poisoned possum. There was a bait station approximately 100 metres from the location where a possum and eels (n=13) were found dead in the water.
Environmental Residues of Anticoagulants Used for Pest Animal Control (Fisher) http://www.es.govt.nz/Document%20Library/Research%20and%20reports/Surface%20water%20quality%20reports/environmental_residues_of_anticoagulants_used_for_pest_animal_control.pdf
Deer repellent used in a poison drop didnât work. Sheep farmers Lynn and Allan Westerman complain about poisoned deer dying on their farm. Taihape Deer Mass-poisoned – Farmer Speaks Out â
Awahohonu, Hawkes Bay, NI
A pet dog died after a 1080 poison operation nearby. Details unknown but reported in the 2013 EPA report.
Pilot harmed as a result of a Marlborough Helicopter incident which in dropped bucket of poison bait. there was damage to helicopter, damage to pilotâs eye (cause unknown) and the use of the wrong bucket. DoC investigated why bait was dropped on the Nydia Track when it was supposed to be kept clear. The Civil Aviation Authority did its own investigation of how the bucket of pellet fell mid-flight. A spokeswoman said results would not be released to the public. But we now have a copy of the internal DoC report. Also, the Medical Officer of Health was researching whether people’s health was placed at risk. (Outcomes?) NB no valid surveillance procedures exist for workers with 1080: pp 659 no. 1 ERMA report Agency App. M â[the] limited occupational monitoring data.available suggested some occupational exposures were unacceptably high. The Agency was unable to determine whether this was due to the need for further controls or whether inadequate compliance.was responsibleâ http://1080science.co.nz/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/Agency-Appendix-M-Exposure-+-Risk-Human-Health.pdf
“Investigation into uncommanded bucket release” by John Sinclair, NZ AAA and NZ Helicopter Assn, Occurrence Investigatorâ â see fb post 27 May 2016
excerpt from EPA report here:
People poisoned by inhalation of toxic dust. Simon and Carol Caley were walking the Nydia Track on Saturday when they say they were dusted with 1080 bait. They sought an apology from the minister of conservation. A couple were angry and upset that a holiday weekend tramp through a Pelorus Sound track ended with them being “dusted” with 1080 bait. Kaiuma Bay. Health and conservation authorities are investigating how toxic 1080 bait was spilled on to the track. The Nelson Marlborough Public Health Service (PHS) is investigating a breach of a condition under which a Department of Conservation (DOC) 1080 drop was permitted in Pelorus Sound over the weekend. Drop of 1080 dust on elderly couple (Doug Stonehurst) fishing in adjacent bay (Tennyson Inlet) – reported to MoH-causing ongoing adverse health effects.
Follow-up â unknown.
Barron Mt Campbell Graham North, Tasman.
Dog death. Hunter claimed that signage was not in place to warn him of operation. This was disputed by contractor.
In the same operation, numerous cattle deaths also occurred â data unknown. Page 18 & 19 of EPA annual report.
Pirongia, Waikato. NI
All waterways inside the drop zone were poisoned in the Pirongia 1080 drop. No streams were avoided. No carcasses were burned or buried. In all aerial operations, the 1080 poison manufacturer’s warning label directions are breached. This clip highlights the impact on a Hamilton mountain. Mt Pirongia Poison Drop Breaches Manufacturers’ Label –https://youtu.be/rkgyXF56Uvo
In this clip Dr Jo Pollard critiques the poisoning agencies that say that 1080 poison is safe in water. EPA -]https://youtu.be/J4pe-Ma4L-o
Great Mercury Island
Great Mercury Island brodifacoum drop by the Department of Conservation â Eyewitness account by John Allen. 16 seals dead in Mercury Bay, two of which he kept but couldnât get tested. DOC has them now. DOC removed the other 14 but never tested them. Many seabirds washed up on the Kennedy Bay site. 2 dead albatrosses were seen by a local yacht. As there was an offshore wind at the time, these were the only ones they knew about.
Maori Gully Road
Two individuals suffered poisoning symptoms after aerial poisoning operation flew overhead. Gwen Gardner and her sister Kathleen Bartlett were picnicking on Maori Gully Rd while checking out a property for sale, when a helicopter overhead opened a monsoon bucket and dropped poison pellets, some of which fell around their vehicle. The women were close by at the time. They remained in the area for several hours as they did not think it could have been 1080, partly because they say a sign was outdated. The sisters say they felt ill within 40 minutes of the aerial drop, but did not immediately associate it with 1080 poisoning. Medical tests undertaken afterwards by the locum Reefton GP showed Mrs Bartlett’s liver was not functioning as it should.
After a year, they are still experiencing ongoing health problems and have ACC assessing a claim from them – the first relating to 1080 in a decade. They are still being monitored by the Reefton doctor. Mrs Bartlett was recently referred to an ear, nose and throat specialist. She says he told her that her tongue was still swollen and her nose irritated, and she had “definitely been exposed to something”.
Blood tests on their livers and thyroids show they are still well outside the normal range. An optician has told Mrs Bartlett that her optical nerve is thinner.
Mrs Bartlett has lost weight and has ongoing nausea and digestive problems. Women blame 1080 drop for lingering illness – http://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=11472942 SG to follow up 22/01/18
King Country, Waikato, NI.
Cattle die after 1080 poison drop – 38 of Chris Barkerâs cattle broke through a fence and entered a 1080 poison drop zone on his King Country Farm in the Waikato region. Two are dead, and it is unknown how many others poisoned.
Pearse Valley- near Kahurangi
Pearse Valley farmer, Stuart Green, lost at least 50 ewes to 1080 poison due to an overfly onto his land during an Animal Health Board aerial 1080 poison drop in 2014. Other sheep were sub-lethally poisoned. Although Nelson Helicopters Ltd had said they would compensate him for loss of stock, he says that he has not been compensated. “Nobody wants to know”, he says. “We lost a lot of money that year”.
4 White tail deer found dead after 1080 drop in Wakatipu, South Island near Glenorchy. https://www.odt.co.nz/regions/queenstown-lakes/dead-deer-found-after-1080-drop
St Arnaud, SI
New protocols DoC had brought into place regarding 1080 operations in Kea territory. To clarify, in 2009 all open areas were removed from such operations. In 2014 it all reverted back again to allow aerial 1080 operations. Ron Eddy remarked to Josh Kemp (DoC staff) that the only thing that he could see in the new protocol that protected Kea was a point they made where they may not drop in snow. His instant answer was “We never drop in snow”. However Ron Eddy knew DoC did drop in snow as photo evidence available.
Just a few days after the heaviest snowfall in the region in 40 years on 19/08/2008 photos were taken of a 1080 poison drop. Ron Eddy Affidavit (in progress 05/10/17).
Whanganui National Park, NI
Family suffers symptoms of 1080 poisoning after accidentally eating a goat which must have had a sub-lethal dose. Long term outcomes unknown
Warning about contaminated trout from fisherman and agencies. Cawthron Institute published a warning about eating NZ trout because science data is insufficient to assess risks.
8 Nov 2014
Operational report by DoC for Lake Rotoiti (dated 8/5/2015) kea died and tested positive for 1080.
South Island, mainly Okarito, Glaciers and Arthurs Pass
Nov 2016 â Itâs reported that at least 24 endangered kea are known to have been killed in 1080 drops between 2008 and 2015. These deaths are known because they are monitored birds. Nobody knows how many unmonitored birds are dying in 1080 drops. The total NZ population of kea is between 1000 and 5000 animals.
A documentary released which includes incidents of 1080 poison over-sprays, incidents, and cover-ups. Poisoning Paradise festival version – https://youtu.be/AQ9ZOquYmfI
Okiwi, Great Barrier Island
After a Brodifacoum aerial operation on the island, residents complained of health problems consistent with Brodifacoum poisoning. An elderly resident still has ongoing medical problems as lives right next door to an area that was poisoned by DOC 4 years ago. (Okiwi estuary) Reported to Sue Grey, Laywer by Bruce Maxwell & Christine Schwemmer, Aotea Gas & Garden, Great Barrier Island
Hauraki Gulf islands.
Auckland Council confirms in an OIA to Councillor Kathy White at WRC that 13 out of 14 feral pigs from Hauraki Gulf islands tested positive for brodifacoum in their monitoring programme. Source OIA Auckland Council.
Parliamentary Questions reveal that NZ is free of bTb and has been by all Intl standards for nearly a decade. This makes a mockery of Ospriâs claims for the need for continued poisoning. Thousands of possum were autopsied over past years and virtually none were found to be vectors for the disease. Full data is here: https://www.parliament.nz/en/pb/order-paper-questions/written-questions/document/QWA_05862_2015/5862-2015-richard-prosser-to-the-minister-for-primary
Eyewitness account by Jason Down published. âI spent 3 years of my life working for the regional council poisoning the hell out of Mount Taranaki, and surrounding farms, I’m quite certain without any doubt how harmful it is, I’m probably responsible for killing more native birds in 3 years than all the stoats in that region did in 20 years. I brought in a dead kiwi from one my poison lines, believing my bosses would want to have its cause of death tested, to be told, ” why the hell did you bring that in for, get it to the incinerator fast, if that gets out we will all be out of a job”, I also had chats with my bosses how the water works boys were still detecting poison in the water ways up the mountain, well after the drops, boy there would be hell to play if that got out, they all looked after each other to ensure they got more government funding and allocations the next year, it all made me realize how wasteful and corrupt these government departments were, hence I left. I loved the job itself, great bunch of guys, good people as such, but ya didnât want to go cause trouble with it then and see ya friends lose their jobs etc, when they had kids to feed etc, but yeah, that was years ago, I know the truth, and 1080 has done so much harm all ready, and will do a lot more till its stopped.â https://www.facebook.com/notes/1080-eyewitness/jason-downs-experiences-while-working-with-1080/1609752405950086
Blenhiem, South Island
Tracy Green in process of writing an affidvit about her dog Milly who died an horrific death from poisoning, it was only later that she discovered that across the road from her house at the time was (and still is) a large storage warehouse of 1080 for DoC operations and then realised the poisoning was likely to have been from 1080. Other witnesses to the event. (Hikoi raised awareness in the area).
Coromandel communities had 1080 poison dropped directly into the streams they were drawing water from, without being informed by the Department of Conservation. DOC said they werenât required to walk the streams to identify people drawing water from streams. Coromandel Water Supplies Poisoned (email correspondence to the Thames-Coromandel Waikato Regional Councillor) â
Approx 2015 onwards
Pureora forest, NI.
The DoC claims that 1080 poison is required to control rat populations, but their own research shows that rat populations cover rapidly and often exceed pre-poisoned levels within 12 months, and far exceed forests where no 1080 poison is applied. Department of Conservation Targets Rats – https://youtu.be/ZMvdXlFSbRY
A Lyall Bay resident who watched his beloved dog die an agonising death is warning Wellington dog owners to be aware of poison in the area.
Hunua Ranges, South Auckland
Penelope Young lost her dog to 1080 poison. Her three-year-old black Labrador Lulu endured a “cruel” and “painful” death after biting into the carcass of a possum that had been poisoned by 1080 bait in south Auckland’s Hunua Ranges (Auckland Council poison drop). Lulu started with ferocious barking and then became rabid. “She was running around banging into things, shaking and frothing. She ran off into the darkness and we heard a splash. Then nothing. Lulu had died in her favourite swimming hole.”A toxicology test by veterinarian Michael Hardcastle confirmed that the “result supports a diagnosis of 1080 toxicity in this patient”.
http://www.stuff.co.nz/auckland/72573428/Dog-dies-after-swallowing-1080-vet & 1080 Poison dropped Directly into Auckland Water Supplies – https://youtu.be/YKB1q5JDNvY
Complaint made to Selwyn Council re: “pest control research” due to another breach of their resource consent for their Rolleston poison factory. Hot windy day, the large door to the production area was left open for several hours. The consent states only allowed open when unloading or loading (ie trucks or containers). This was not occurring.
Source: Selwyn Council , Chch. (Fast-forward to 2018 – Rolleston Factory now has consent to make the 1080 baits – less than 2kms from a primary school.)
Motuoapa, between Taupo and Turangi
Stacy and John Lewisâ dog was poisoned by 1080 when on a walkway in Hatepe Forest near their home. Stacy said the letter she got from OSPRI was dated Oct 19 for a drop in October and November 2015. Warning signs were not installed at the forest entrance the morning they took Buster for a walk in January. An OSPRI flyer about the operation showed a âno 1080â zone near Kiko Road to Waimarino Rd, where they were walking. This was Maori land trust land, which normally allowed public access.
Tauranga â Taupo River and Stump Bay
Numerous reports about dead fish in the Tauranga-Taupo River and in Stump Bay. Reports came from locals, from people within Tuwharetoa, and also the regional councillor representing Nga Tai ki Uta. There had been a 1080 drop approximately ten days earlier in the area. It was reported to Waikato Regional Council but no investigation was conducted. Pest controllers were seen patrolling the river and gathering dead fish. Most of the reports came through social media. See Kathy White for details.
Western Bays of Lake Taupo
Taupo farmer Lance Aldridge finds 10 poisoned deer laying around his farm following an aerial poisoning operation, eventuating in a health and safety situation and impeding on his ability to undertake farming duties. Deer Mass-poisoned – Taupo Farmer Speaks Out – https://youtu.be/CKBHIop0riw
A Hawkes Bay family Lett – claim that when requesting medical attention at a hospital for suspected 1080 poisoning, that they were told no definitive procedure to test for 1080 poisoning is available – District Health Boards Respond to 1080-Poisoned Families Concerns – https://youtu.be/TMSqAp2ET54 MT has details – affidavit in progress as family still suffering ill health.
Kepler Mountains near Te Anau,
Fiordland National Park
September 20-21, 2016 – Baits were found on walking tracks outside of designated poison drop area.
Complaints from members of the public: “On the day of the drop the helicopters were going so fast; the hoppers were going sideways,” he says. “You can’t tell me they don’t make mistakes; that’s obviously how the 1080 got in the bush.”
Other complainants reported seeing helicopters taking off without having the door closed on the chopper, spilling 1080 pellets beside the loading site.
“We’ve found pellets washed up on the banks of the Waiau River,” says Mr Brown. “That’s right along the boundary. It’s now the school holidays, and the fishing season is about to open. Many families are going to be there with kids right along the area of the drop zone.” Incident was reported in the EPA annual report (page 13), but without the details of the harm to the public.
Result of OIA into Kepler incident
Documents released to RNZ under the Official Information Act reveal the helicopter contracted by the Department of Conservation (DOC) deviated from its standard operating procedures during a drop near Te Anau in September.
According to DOC’s incident report, the helicopter crew were under pressure to finish the drop due to bad weather, and pre-loaded the bait buckets before starting the aircraft, which was not usual practise.
A switch had been coincidentally activated, which allowed bait to fall from the bucket as the helicopter took off.
http://www.radionz.co.nz/news/national/317868/1080-spilled-from-doc-helicopter-as-it-took-off Further evidence of this event has been sent to us today, 14/02/2018 and will be explored.
Cascade Creek, Eglinton Valley, Southland.
1080 poison baits dropped directly onto member of the public Shane Wilson whilst he was in a designated âsafe zoneâ during a 1080 poison drop 14 Oct. Formal complaint to the police and DoC about Otago Helicopters (contractors) was dismissed. Statement dated 16 Oct available. Mr Wilson still suffering ongoing health problems as a result of the direct contact with the poison. DoC worker at the time told him the poison was perfectly safe. Riverton Police Station PC Daryl Williams. Photos and copies of docs available from SG.
9 Nov 2016
Hunter (son, Jaiden Hill)âs dog, Jess, poisoned by 1080 which was apparently in a dog roll. In an area governed by DOC in the Pureoraâs where 1080 had not been dropped (east of Te Awamutu). Dog had been registered, chipped, and regularly kiwi-aversion-trained. NZDA Vice President (Graeme Steans) was informed and DoC without reponse. Evidence of poison testing available.
Mokihinui River north of Westport, SI
2 Dec 2016 â Scott Murray, a professional and highly experienced fishing guide was with clients who were hit by 1080 pellets on a West Coast river. River Haven Lodge, RD3, Murchison. Incident happened on December 2 when he and three other fishing parties were on the Mokihinui River, north of Westport. Fish died. Helicopters were flying in high winds at approx. 2000 ft over waterways. Complaint was made at the time but nothing done. Affidavit in progress. 07/02/2018 http://www.stuff.co.nz/nelson-mail/news/87429668/1080-rained-down-on-us-and-river-says-fishing-guide
Egmont National Park
Childrenâs campsite area poisoned so school calls of visit through fears about the kids safety.
Mt Aspiring National Park
Feb 2017 – Tourists were unaware 1080 poison bait had been dropped directly into the streams they were drinking from – Rescue Helicopters used to Poison Deer – Tourists Speak Out – https://youtu.be/-rWpA_nVOwE
Okahu Valley, Whirinaki
OIA by the NZ Herald reveals Kiwi in the Okahu Valley are thriving without pest control or DoC poisoning operations – Department of Conservation – Kiwi Thriving Without Poisons – https://youtu.be/QBPj6LkKizM
Makarora, West Coast, SI
Protestors at the 1080 aerial poison drop at Makarora had their
Warning from Dunedin Civil defence re risk to dogs from dead poisoned carcases washing down flooded river and onto beaches.
Affidavit of Timothy David Mitchell dated 24 July 2017
Roger Dewhurst report on Rangitoto Island aerial brodifacoum poisoning. He took a chilly bin full of samples to Auckland to be tested by EAV machine. The results were horrifying and upsetting. There were 4 women in the room, and tears came to our eyes as we placed sample after sample on the tray to be measured. Our emotions passed from disbelief, to validation, to distress, to anger to incredulity, at the arrogance of the actions that caused these horrific deaths and the inevitable long term effects.
List of samples tested:
6 little blue penguins from Matiatia and Church bay Waiheke
1 penguin from Rangitoto
1 mallard duck (what was left) Rangi
sick/saliva from seriously ill dog who played at Onetangi beach Waiheke
Oysters from Rangi
Penguin egg containing chick remains, aborted Church bay.
One lady present had consumed local snapper the week before and her and her husband had suffered mild physical symptoms such as headaches, lethargy, aches and joint pain. She was also tested for poison.
Positive for ALL samples – Brodifacoum
Positive for ALL samples – 1080
Margaret (who had eaten the snapper) was + for brodifacoum (we were too shocked by this point to test for 1080!)
This would appear to confirm theories that the hopper used to mix up the brodifacoum was contaminated with 1080 – that’s all it takes! On Tuesday I received the results from Gribbles pathology (via Landcare) that the levels in the penguins were below the method detection limit (MDL) which is 0.001 ug/g.
Further ater and sediment samples from several beaches on
Waiheke on an ongoing basis from now. Affidavit completed (?)
Dead deer and others carcases on foreshore and beaches after 1080 poisoning . published in local newspapers.
Toxic bait deposited in Jackson River â where whitebait fishing occurs, after reassurance had been given that baits would not be sown in the river (email correspondence between Lloyd Hanson and DoC). Adams family were stopped at a roadblock on Jackson River Road in Westland and told they werenât allowed to proceed without an escort. They would be served with a trespass notice if they didnât comply. A DOC 1080 drop was happening on one side of the river. No public notices had been issued to advise of road closure. The road was only allowed to be closed for five minutes at a time, or 20 minutes in the case of a major incident. (OIA information Lloyd Hanson and Pamela Adams).
Flooding causes contamination of rivers by 1080 carcasses near Dunedin. https://www.odt.co.nz/news/dunedin/checks-contaminated-carcasses
At least one dog was killed by 1080 at Silverpeaks. The owner hadnât seen the warning sign and had taken their dog for a walk in a popular dog-walking spot. The death follows a 8600ha 1080 drop by OSPRIi last week which spanned popular dog-walking spots from Whare Flat to Waitati. https://www.odt.co.nz/news/dunedin/1080-poisoning-likely-cause-dogs-death
At Tonga Island a total of 0.1 tonnes of Pestoff 20R will be applied, of which only a small fraction is likely to fall into the sea. A spill into the sea of 18 tonnes of the same type of bait from a truck accident at Kaikoura in 2001 caused no detectable mortality of marine life. Tonga Island is a significant seal breeding colony. Every precaution will be taken to minimise the risk of the operation to the seals. BUT âThe nature of the operation means that a small proportion of the bait will fall into the sea around the edge of each island, and some marine fish might consume whole or parts of baits. It is considered that any over-cast baits are unlikely to pose any risk to marine life. The amounts will be very small, and the baits break down rapidly and disperse readily in water. . It is expected noise from the helicopter will cause the seals to retreat to the water for the short period the helicopter is present. The operation will be timed to avoid the key breeding period from November to April. The risk of any seals ingesting a lethal dose of pesticide is considered to be extremely low.”
Near miss? A planned 1080 aerial drop near Luggate postponed because of concerns part of a creek used for household water was inside the drop zone. About 3000ha of land in the Alice Burn area was to be treated aerially with 1080 by Waikato-based pest control company EcoFX as part of Ospri’s TBFree programme.
Dead Horse Creek which is used by at least two families for their household water is inside the drop zone.
An information leaflet sent to residents by the company says the township’s water supply would not be affected by the operation.
More than 5 cases of individuals suffering symptoms of Brodifacoum poisoning after attending the protest at the Brook Sanctuary which was near a residential area and campsite. 5+ cases of reported adverse effects from the recent Brook aerial brodifacoum drop (including Sue Grey and Councillor Tim Skinner ) suffered irritated throat red inflamed exposed skin from the aerial helicopter drop adjacent to Brook Valley motor camp that was videoed by Jim Hilton on 4 Aug 2017 – followed by protracted coughing for approx 1 week- acknowledge by the National Poisons centre) plus the harm suffered by closest residents Anne Marie (largely bed ridden since the drop) and her husband Michael Kidson (uncontrolled bleeding from a small cut and chronic fatigue type symptoms). Their home is one of the closest to the loading zone. They have now sold their loved home as they kept getting relapses every time there was a southerly wind back down the valley.
Native non-target deaths, and residues, have been reported in a wide range of species after the use of brodifacoum. Populations of four indigenous bird species (fernbirds, pukeko, Stewart Island weka, and western weka) have been severely reduced in some sites where brodifacoum baits were broadcast.
Domestic animals are at risk and owners are advised not to allow animals access to areas where they may come into contact with brodifacoum baits or poisoned carcasses. Feral and domestic non-target deaths (cats, pigs and sheep) have been reported following both bait station and aerial applications of brodifacoum. Surveys of feral animals have shown that extensive contamination has occurred where there has been sustained use of brodifacoum.
6 Nov 2017
Putaruru, North Island
Shibu Kochumman, Subi Shibu and Alekutty Daniel admitted to Waikato Hospital after becoming seriously ill after consuming wild hunted boar suspected to be contaminated with 1080 and/or strychnine 1080 was the first working diagnosis and continued to be mentioned throughout the patientsâ notes. All other possible causes identified by the DHB and ACC were excluded. Prof Ian Shaw, University of Canterbury confirmed in letter to KW that 1080 poison likely cause rather than Botulism as claimed by WDHB. Ongoing health problems suffered by victims. Current info here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j6i4pZ5RYI4
Molesworth, South Island.
More than 345 red deer have been killed inhumanely after a 1080 aerial drop over a large area: 61,000 hectares. This was particularly inhumane because at this time the deer have young. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=11951166
Document that lists all the poisoning events (most of which were ignored, untested or dismissed) and animals died. See Appendix.
Levin, South North Island
A depot belonging to the local council caught fire. 1080 and other toxic pesticides were stored inside. No risk assessment done on site no signage erected. Fireman put at risk. OIA sent to establish why residents were not evacuated for their safety. At least one individual (Paul Barton) is suffering adverse health effects after breathing in the toxic fumes (Affidavit pending): http://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=11980969 Full outcome of OIAs here: https://kapitiindependentnews.net.nz/levin-1080-fire-part-3/
Rolleston, Christchurch SI
Factory or Orillion making making pesticides granted permission to make the 1080 poison baits, despite the obvious risks to health being near a highly populated residential area and 2kms to a primary school.
Te Kuiti, Mapara Reserve
Confirmed from Vets testings – 8 cows dead and 1 CALF ABORTED, FOUR HEIFERS SICK – AFTER AERIAL 1080 DROP at Mapara Reserve bear Te Kuiti where the farmers had been told cattle were safe. Clyde Graf has recorded the subsequent events where DoC tried to pay for their silence. current details available here:
 Suren, A. & Lambert, P. (2006) Do toxic baits containing sodium fluroacetate (1080) affect fish and invertebrate communities when they fall into streams? New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research. (40)531-546
 OIA to NIWA via FYI website.